Bay of Fundy Biosphere Reserve

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In November of 2007, The Bay of Fundy, home of the world’s highest tides, was officially granted the prestigious designation as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.  The 4487 sq Km reserve includes the forested coast and tidal shore of New Brunswick's upper Bay of Fundy, stretching from St. Martins to the Tantramar Marsh near the Nova Scotia border.

Biosphere reserves are sites recognized under UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Program which innovate and demonstrate approaches to conservation and sustainable development. They are of course under national sovereign jurisdiction, yet share their experience and ideas nationally, regionally and internationally within the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. There are presently 686 sites worldwide in 122 countries (as of 2019).

Featured natural attractions located within the The Bay of Fundy Biosphere Reserve, include The Hopewell Rocks, The Fundy Trail Parkway, Fundy National Park, Cape Enrage, Caledonia Gorge and two Ramsar sites located at Mary’s Point and Tantramar National Wildlife Area. Together, the two sites constitute the Shepody Bay Western Hemispheric Shorebird Reserve (WHSRN), an area famous for huge flocks of semipalmated sandpipers, semipalmated plovers, and other shorebirds.

During the late summer months, the vast expanses of salt marsh and mud flats, up to five kilometers wide at the head of the bay, are food factories that produce large concentrations of invertebrates, the principal food source of the shorebirds.

The salt marsh area is also a major contributor of nutrients and food reserves that support the high diversity of marine life, including several species of whales, found in the lower bay, making it one of the richest marine environments in the world.


The Bay of Fundy, an extension of the Gulf of Maine separating the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, is one of Canada’s most dramatic and ecologically diverse landscapes. The biosphere area includes in excess of 200 km. of estuarine coastal environment and its adjacent watersheds. The topography is characterized by a bold, irregular shoreline, rugged - near perpendicular cliffs, and extreme variations in tides; which can exceed 16 meters. Steep, forested river valleys are deeply incised into the landscape and are characterized by waterfalls, rapids, and steep rock walls. It is one of the least developed areas on the east coast of North America between Florida and Newfoundland.


Richard Faulkner, former owner of Baymount Outdoor Adventures, is pleased to serve on the planning committee and currently serves as a member on the board for the Bay of Fundy Biosphere Reserve.